carrying value of bonds

Face value – amortized discounts – this formula is used when calculating the carrying amount of a bond issued at a discount. Similarly, if the company sells the bonds with a $2,000 premium, the company would debit the cash account for cash received, which would total $202,000 ($200,000 + $2,000). They would also credit Premium on Bonds Payable for the amount of the premium, $2,000. Consider the company that is selling the $200,000, 10%, 5 year bonds. Suppose investors can get a better return on their investment than 10 percent because market interest rates are high. They won’t want to purchase the bond for the face value because they could make more money with a different investment.

carrying value of bonds

A company should retire debt early only if it has sufficient cash resources. Amortization of the premium decreases the amount of interest expense reported each period. Amortization of the discount increasesthe amount of interest expense reported each period. Long-term liabilities are obligations that are expected to be paid after one year.

How To Calculate Carrying Value Of A Bond

DTTL (also referred to as “Deloitte Global”) and each of its member firms are legally separate and independent entities. There is also an appendix of non-mandatory implementation guidance that describes how an entity might provide the disclosures required by IFRS 7.

This account equals the difference between the face value of the bond and the actual cash collected from the bond sale. On thefinancial statements, the bond premium or discount account is netted with the bonds payable to arrive at the carrying value of the bond.

Intangible Asset

Often amortization occurs on a straight-line basis, meaning the same amount is amortized for each reported period. For example, a company is issuing a bond at $10,000 for a premium of $500. The company would receive $10,500 in cash debited to their account. The premium is recorded on the bonds payable account entry as a credit of $500. Most premiums or discounts will be amortized on a straight-line basis, meaning the same amount is amortized each reporting period.

These features also dictate the type of bond that companies issue. On top of that, they play a role in several calculations carrying value of bonds involving bonds, like the carrying value. Some of the fundamental characteristics of a bond include the following.

carrying value of bonds

Due to the fluctuation in interest rates, it’s rare that a bond sells at its face value. A bond is more likely to sell at a premium or at a discount to its par value, which is determined by the difference between the interest rate on the bond’s issue date and the current interest rate. The face value is the par value or the real value of a bond or note at issuance.

What Are Bonds Payable?

Emilie is a Certified Accountant and Banker with Master’s in Business and 15 years of experience in finance and accounting from large corporates and banks, as well as fast-growing start-ups. The procedure of keeping liabilities off the balance sheet is often referred to as off-balance sheet financing. Thus, the carrying value of the bonds at maturity will be equal to the face value of the bonds. The straight-line method of amortizationallocates the same amount of interest expense in each interest period. Appendix 10D at the end of this chapter discusses the criteria used to determine the accounting treatment for contingent liabilities and leases. A company’s balance sheet may not fully reflect its potential obligations due to contingencies—events with uncertain outcomes. In recent years many companies have intentionally reduced their liquid assets because they cost too much to hold.

carrying value of bonds

Although Discount on Bonds Payable has a debit balance, it is not an asset; it is a contra account, which is deducted from bonds payable on the balance sheet. For bond issuers, they can repurchase a bond at or before maturity. Redemption is made at the face value of the bond unless it occurs before maturity, in which case the bond is bought back at a premium to compensate for lost interest.

Prepare A Statement Of Shareholders’ Equity

Liquidity ratios measure the short-term ability of a company to pay its maturing obligations and to meet unexpected needs for cash. Careful examination of debt obligations helps you assess a company’s ability to pay its current obligations. Current liabilities are the first category under Liabilities on the balance sheet. Procedures for amortizing bond premium are discussed in Appendix 10A and Appendix 10B at the end of this chapter. The contractual or stated interest rate is the rate applied to the face to arrive at the amount of interest paid in a year. Bond prices for both new issues and existing bonds are quoted as a percentage of the face value of the bond, which is usually $1,000. The contractual rate is generally stated as an annual rate, and interest is usually paid semiannually.

Next, you determine the time period between the bond’s issuance and its maturity. The bond’s premium or discount will be amortized over that period. By knowing the amount of the premium or discount that has been amortized, you can calculate the carrying value.

The bond issue will mature in 2016 and will pay annual interest (an “annual coupon”). If the market price does not increase suitably, then the bondholder would simply hold the bond without converting it into FCA stock. An issuer may redeem some or all of its outstanding bonds before maturity by calling them. The issuer may also purchase bonds in the market and retire them. Watch this video to see how we retire bonds when the the bond was originally issued at a discount.

Unlike the premium amount, companies still have to repay holders the face value. Therefore, any discount offer on the bond becomes an expense for the company. Similarly, the discount does not impact the coupon payments calculation on the bond. Maturity is when the bond issuer returns the money lent by the bondholder. At this date, the issuer repays the holder the face value of the bond. Any coupon payments outstanding will also be payable on this date.

Redeeming Bonds Payable

Once companies calculate the unamortized value of the bond, they can measure its carrying value. This value will be equal to the face value of the bond and its remaining unamortized amount. While this step is straightforward, it may differ for discounts and premiums. Nonetheless, calculating the carrying value of the bond will be similar.

Bonds that require the bondholder, also called the bearer, to go to a bank or broker with the bond or coupons attached to the bond to receive the interest and principal payments. They are called bearer or coupon bonds because the person presenting the bond or coupon receives the interest and principal payments. Describe the entries for the issuance of bonds issued at a discount. Companies attempt to keep leased assets and lease liabilities off the balance sheet by structuring the lease agreement to avoid meeting the criteria of a capital lease.


In case of a zero coupon bond, only the amount of par value is paid when the bond is redeemed at maturity. For those unaware, the premium is the amount that investors pay over the par value of the bond. Discount is when investors acquire bonds at less than the par value. In accounting, we amortize these premiums and discounts over the life of the bond.

Calculate Pv Of A Different Bond Type With Excel

Amortization is depreciation applied to intangible assets such as patents and copyrights. Unlike tangible assets, there’s no salvage value when an asset’s useful life expires. Discount on Bonds Payable is a contra liability account with a debit balance, which is contrary to the normal credit balance of its parent Bonds Payable liability account. In other words, a discount on bond payable means that the bond was sold for less than the amount the issuer will have to pay back in the future. Having a registered bond allows the owner to automatically receive the interest payments when they are made. Explain to someone who knows very little about accounting what a current liability is and illustrate by identifying major types of current liabilities. In this case, the bonds sell for $107,985, which results in bond premium of $7,985 and an effective-interest rate of 8%.

At that point, the carrying value of the bond should equal the bond’s face value. For each year, the company must record any interest expense paid incurred from the sale and maintenance of bonds. This includes both the coupon payments made to bondholders plus or minus the premium or discount amortization. For both bond premiums and discounts, the company will have to make an initial journal entry when the bonds are sold that records the cash received and the discount or premium given.

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